欧盟食品安全局就锰的安全摄入量发表科学意见

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食品伙伴网讯  2023年12月8日,据欧盟食品安全局(EFSA)消息,欧盟营养、新型食品和食物过敏源(NDA)研究小组就锰的安全摄入量发表科学意见。

经过评估,研究小组得出结论,18岁以上成年人(包括孕妇和哺乳期妇女)的安全摄入量为8毫克/天,其他人群的安全摄入量为2-7毫克/天。部分原文报道如下:
Following a request from the European Commission (EC), the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the tolerable upper intake level (UL) for manganese. Systematic reviews of the literature of human and animal data were conducted to assess evidence regarding excess manganese intake (including authorised manganese salts) and the priority adverse health effect, i.e. manganese-induced neurotoxicity. Available human and animal studies support neurotoxicity as a critical effect, however, data are not sufficient and suitable to characterise a dose–response relationship and identify a reference point for manganese-induced neurotoxicity. In the absence of adequate data to establish an UL, estimated background dietary intakes (i.e. manganese intakes from natural dietary sources only) observed among high consumers (95th percentile) were used to provide an indication of the highest level of intake where there is reasonable confidence on the absence of adverse effects. A safe level of intake of 8 mg/day was established for adults ≥?18?years (including pregnant and lactating women) and ranged between 2 and 7 mg/day for other population groups. The application of the safe level of intake is more limited than an UL because the intake level at which the risk of adverse effects starts to increase is not defined.

 

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